Forward Bloc: Legacy of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose that doesn’t form part of History Textbooks



World War 2 was about to start and the world was witnessing a huge turmoil. Leaders, especially French and Britishers, with their greed to gain maximum ground in the world economy, were ready to take on any country. And then the inevitable happened, as Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany invaded Poland. This was unacceptable to France, United Kingdom, for they were ruling the major part of the world. So, the broader cause of the war was German aggression and French & British appeasement.

Back in India, British repressive policies were continuing with excessive looting. Gandhi’s liberal mendicant approach was not bringing any results. Masses were behind him and the nation was certainly more united against the British oppression but how credible can an armless crowd be against the ruthless Britishers.

Indian freedom movement needed more strength, and some people were unhappy with Congress’s approach. This is when Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, an Indian stalwart, rose to the occasion with his All India Forward Bloc. Emerging as a faction within the Indian National Congress in 1939, it was soon re-established as an independent political party.

Bose had many differences with Mahatma Gandhi in terms of ideology as Gandhi was ready to support Britishers in World War 2. Disgusted by the idea, Bose decided to take advantage of the situation and cause damage to Britishers. Bose said that those who are joining Forward Bloc, must never turn back to the British and sign the pledge form with their blood. Interestingly, 17 young girls were amongst the first ones to sign the form.

It was a difficult time and the nation needed an impetus in the form of aggression to remove the unruly British Empire from India. Britishers were always about maximizing profits, even if it meant killing millions of innocent civilians, sometimes with arms, sometimes with excessive taxes, which also led to plague in Bihar and Bengal, says Sanjay Dalmia, who is a renowned nationalist.

It was in Nagpur session, held in the year 1940 that Netaji Bose gave a concrete plan for winning Purna Swaraj or complete Independence. The legacy continued with the formation of the Indian National Army, which was contrary to what history books tell us, as it was one major reason behind British defeat. Had it not been for the aggressive approach by the likes of Bhagat Singh, Surya Sen, Bose, India may have been under British raj for more few years.

Our history books have been manipulated for they don’t give enough credit to these real war heroes. It’s good to recollect nationalist ideas but it is incomplete without forwarding Bloc’s immense contribution, says Mr. Dalmia.

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